IVF Fertility Process for Females – A Step By Step Guide

IVF Fertility Process for Females - A Step By Step Guide
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In the Latin, in-vitro means “in the glass.” In simple words, In-vitro fertilization, or IVF, is the process of fertilizing sperm and an egg outside of the body, in a glass. IVF is undoubtedly the most effective treatment that has been developed over time to assist millions of childless couples. The main goal of newly developed technology is to improve IVF as a helpful option for couples. If you are considering IVF, here we have mentioned a step-by-step guide for the IVF process in females.

Even though IVF may appear costly to some people, the success rate is increased by improved technologies and treatment options. To conceive, more than one in five couples require fertility treatments. Additionally, since 1975, about 8 million babies have been born through IVF. These “test-tube babies” have the same characteristics as children conceived naturally.

When to go for IVF treatment?

When to go for IVF treatment

There are some specific conditions when one must consider going for IVF treatment in Lucknow. These conditions are either genetic or hormonal or have occurred due to poor lifestyle. Many females face the problem of not conceiving a baby and thus require undergoing IVF. Here are some reasons why one must consider opting for IVF treatment.

  • Age-related infertility
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Fallopian Tube Infertility
  • Genetic Disorders
  • Endometriosis
  • PCOS
  • Male factor Infertility
  • Poor Lifestyle

IVF Success Rate

Many clinics make claims like “success rate of 70%+,” which are typically little more than marketing ploys. The success rate depends on numerous causal factors and is not an absolute ratio. For example:

  • BMI
  • Age
  • History of miscarriages
  • Cause of infertility
  • Prior deliveries

Age-related statistics are typically included when presenting success rates. The explanation is that as people age, their eggs become less healthy, which lowers their chances of becoming pregnant.

Under 30 years old: A 62% success rate is possible.

30 to 35 years old: About 55%

35 to 40 years old: About 30–45%

Above 40 years old: 2–15%

If you are looking for an IVF centre, you can directly contact Vansh IVF Clinic in Lucknow. It is one of the leading fertility centres in Lucknow that provides a high success rate and helps mothers to conceive easily.

Step-by-Step Guide for IVF Process in Females

Step-by-Step Guide for IVF Process in Females

The specific requirements of each patient and the clinic can affect the In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) procedure. Here is a general summary of the IVF procedure, along with a step-by-step guidance covering day 1 through day 30:

Step 1: Preparation for an IVF Cycle – Testing and Ovarian Stimulation

You will undergo an examination of your uterus and fallopian tubes before IVF to make sure there are no problems that need to be surgically fixed. Pre-cycle testing comprises a semen analysis of the male partner, screening for STDs in both partners and an assessment of thyroid function and ovarian reserve using hormone testing.

For ovarian stimulation, most women will take fertility medicines for 8–14 days; this averages to 10–11 days. To retrieve eggs, ovarian stimulation is employed to mature numerous eggs. Typically, 10 to 20 eggs are extracted for in vitro fertilization. Only roughly two-thirds of them are utilized.

Step 2: Egg Retrieval

You will have surgery to remove the eggs from follicles in your ovaries 34 hours to 36 hours after receiving the trigger shot, before the egg’s ovulation. An ultrasound is used to visually guide a tiny needle through the top of the vagina into a single ovary before entering the other for the egg retrieval process. 

The procedure typically takes less than 30 minutes. After inserting the needle into the follicle, the follicular fluid is extracted using a mild suction that moves the egg along in the fluid. 

Step 3: Fertilization 

When eggs arrive at the lab, specialists inspect them to assess their quality and maturity. After being removed from the incubator and placed in a specific culture medium, mature eggs are fertilized with sperm a few hours later. An egg can be fertilized by either intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or traditional insemination. When poor semen quality or a history of IVF failure makes fertilization unlikely, ICSI is utilized about 70% of the time.

Step 4: Embryo Transfer 

The couple and the IVF team decide precisely when the embryo will be transferred following fertilization; this can happen anywhere from 1 to 6 days later. But if a fresh embryo transfer is being done, it typically happens 3 to 5 days after egg retrieval. 

The lady’s age is one of several factors that affect the quantity of embryos generated. With any luck, the embryo will continue to develop inside the uterus and, 1 to 2 days after transfer will hatch and implant itself in the lining of the uterus.

Step 5: Laser Assisted Hatching

Older women, couples who have tried IVF before, and couples using frozen or thawed embryos may occasionally benefit from an extra procedure. Through a process known as “laser-assisted hatching,” a hole is created in the flexible shell that encases the early embryo’s cells. Since this membrane is required for embryo implantation, it usually degrades on its own. 

Step 6: Pregnancy Test 

pregnancy test

You will receive a blood pregnancy test about 12 days after embryo transfer. After a pregnancy is established, you will undergo blood tests and eventually ultrasounds to verify the viability of the pregnancy and determine whether it is multiple. If the pregnancy seems normal at 9 or 10 weeks, your obstetrician will be contacted again!


It’s crucial to remember that IVF-related pain and discomfort are typically minor and transient. To assist you manage any pain or discomfort you may encounter, your doctor might prescribe medication and other measures. Talk to your doctor about any worries you may have about how pain will be managed throughout the IVF process.

Dr. Neelam Mishra, the expert Gynecologist in Lucknow at Vansh IVF Clinic has 22+ years of experience in this field. Her expert panel takes accountability for the full safety and security of the process. Book your appointment at 7408415995 to get top-notch IVF treatment in Lucknow with almost no complications.


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