Our team of specialists use some of the most advanced assisted conception techniques in the world to produce consistently high success rates with fertility treatments for our patients.
At the beginning of each menstrual cycle the pituitary gland in the brain releases a hormone which stimulates the ovaries to produce follicles. One of these follicles grows faster than others to become the ‘dominant follicle’. It is from this follicle that an egg will be released each month at ovulation. During this monthly cycle the ovaries produce several hormones, most importantly oestrogen, which promotes growth of the follicles, and progesterone, released after ovulation, which prepares the uterus for pregnancy. After ovulation, the egg passes through the fallopian tube to meet one of several sperm cells swimming towards it. Fertilisation occurs when a sperm cell penetrates the outer layer of the egg. The fertilised egg continues to the uterus and pregnancy begins when it implants in the lining. If the egg is not fertilised, or the embryo does not progress, the endometrium is shed as a menstrual period approximately 14 days after ovulation.
Studies suggest that around onethird of all infertility cases are because of a problem in the male partner. Indeed, at the centre almost half our subfertility or infertility cases are explained by male problems, and it is our aim to make fatherhood possible for these men. Almost all cases are now amenable to treatment. The technique of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI),has revolutionised the treatment of men with poor sperm quality or low sperm counts. And even in cases where the sperm numbers seem nonexistent, it is still possible to surgically retrieve sufficient few sperm cells for ICSI. For while in spontaneous conception at least 100 million sperm cells are usually produced in each ejaculation of semen, just one may be enough in the hands of the ICSI embryologist.